Apiaceae

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Texte © Giuseppe Mazza

 

 

Traduction en français par Serge Forestier

   

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Conium maculatum © Giuseppe Mazza

Presque cosmopolite, la famille des Apiaceae, également connue sous le nom d’ Umbelliferae, croît également sous les tropiques, mais montre une nette préférence pour les climats tempérés.

Plantes herbacées, annuelles, bisannuelles ou vivaces à l’inflorescence caractéristique en ombelle, déclinées parfois en variantes pleines de fantaisie. Plantes alimentaires, comme la célèbre carotte, et épices cultivées depuis l’antiquité, sans oublier les vertus médicinales.

Cette famille contient 2 300 espèces et les genres suivants :

Aciphylla, Acronema, Actinanthus, Actinolema, Actinotus, Adenosciadium, Aegokeras, Aegopodium, Aethusa, Aframmi, Afroligusticum, Afrosciadium, Afrosison, Agasyllis, Agrocharis, Ainsworthia, Alepidea, Aletes, Alococarpum, Ammi, Ammodaucus, Ammoides, Ammoselinum, Andriana, Anethum, Angelica, Anginon, Angoseseli, Anisopoda, Anisosciadium, Anisotome, Annesorhiza, Anthriscus, Aphanopleura, Apiastrum, Apiopetalum, Apium, Apodicarpum, Arafoe, Arctopus, Arcuatopterus, Arracacia, Artedia, Asciadium, Asteriscium, Astomaea, Astrantia, Astrodaucus, Astydamia, Athamanta, Aulacospermum, Austropeucedanum, Autumnalia, Azilia, Azorella, Berula, Bifora, Bilacunaria, Billburttia, Bolax, Bonannia, Bowlesia, Brachyscias, Bunium, Bupleurum, Cachrys, Calyptrosciadium, Cannaboides, Capnophyllum, Carlesia, Caropsis, Carum, Caucalis, Cenolophium, Centella, Cephalopodum, Chaerophyllopsis, Chaerophyllum, Chaetosciadium, Chamaele, Chamaesciadium, Chamaesium, Chamarea, Changium, Chlaenosciadium, Choritaenia, Chuanminshen, Chymsydia, Cicuta, Cnidiocarpa, Cnidium, Coaxana, Cogswellia, Conioselinum, Conium, Conopodium, Coriandrum, Cortia, Cortiella, Cotopaxia, Coulterophytum, Cryptotaenia, Cuminum, Cyathoselinum, Cyclorhiza, Cyclospermum, Cymbocarpum, Cymopterus, Cynosciadium, Dactylaea, Dahliaphyllum, Dasispermum, Daucosma, Daucus, Demavendia, Dethawia, Deverra, Dichosciadium, Dickinsia, Dicyclophora, Dimorphosciadium, Diplaspis, Diplolophium, Diplotaenia, Diposis, Dipterygia, Discopleura, Distichoselinum, Domeykoa, Donnellsmithia, Dorema, Dracosciadium, Drusa, Ducrosia, Dumaniana, Dystaenia, Echinophora, Ekimia, Elaeoselinum, Elaeosticta, Eleutherospermum, Enantiophylla, Endressia, Eremocharis, Eremodaucus, Ergocarpon, Erigenia, Eriosynaphe, Eryngium, Erythroselinum, Eurytaenia, Exoacantha, Ezosciadium, Falcaria, Fergania, Ferula, Ferulago, Ferulopsis, Foeniculum, Frommia, Froriepia, Fuernrohria, Galagania, Geocaryum, Gingidia, Glaucosciadium, Glehnia, Glia, Glochidotheca, Gongylosciadium, Gongylotaxis, Grafia, Grammosciadium, Guillonea, Gymnophyton, Hacquetia, Halosciastrum, Hansenia, Haplosciadium, Haplosphaera, Harbouria, Harrysmithia, Heptaptera, Heracleum,

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Astrantia major © Giuseppe Mazza

Hermas, Heteromorpha, Heteroptilis, Hladnikia, Hohenackeria, Homalocarpus, Huanaca, Hyalolaena, Hymenidium, Hymenolyma, Indoschulzia, Itasina, Johrenia, Kadenia, Kafirnigania, Kalakia, Kamelinia, Karnataka, Keramocarpus, Klotzschia, Korovinia, Korshinskia, Korshinskya, Krasnovia, Krubera, Kundmannia, Ladyginia, Lagoecia, Laretia, Laser, Laserpitium, Lecokia, Lefebvrea, Leiotulus, Leptotaenia, Lereschia, Leutea, Levisticum, Libanotis, Lichtensteinia, Ligusticopsis, Ligusticum, Lilaeopsis, Limnosciadium, Lipskya, Lisaea, Lithosciadium, Lomatium, Lomatocarpa, Lomatopodium, Mackinlaya, Magydaris, Malabaila, Mandenovia, Margotia, Marlothiella, Mediasia, Meeboldia, Melanosciadium, Melanoselinum, Meum, Micropleura, Molopospermum, Monizia, Mulinum, Museniopsis, Musineon, Mutellina, Myrrhidendron, Myrrhis, Myrrhoides, Nanobubon, Naufraga, Neogoezia, Neonelsonia, Neoparrya, Neopaulia, Niphogeton, Nothosmyrnium, Notiosciadium, Notobubon, Notopterygium, Ochotia, Oedibasis, Oenanthe, Oligocladus, Olymposciadium, Opopanax, Oreocomopsis, Oreomyrrhis, Oreonana, Oreoschimperella, Oreoxis, Orlaya, Ormosolenia, Orogenia, Oschatzia, Osmorhiza, Ostericum, Ottoa, Oxypolis, Pachyctenium, Pachypleurum, Palimbia, Paraselinum, Parasilaus, Pastinaca, Paulia, Pentapeltis, Perideridia, Perissocoeleum, Petroselinum, Peucedanum, Phellolophium, Phellopterus, Phlojodicarpus, Phlyctidocarpa, Physospermopsis, Physospermum, Physotrichia, Pilopleura, Pimpinella, Pinda, Platysace, Pleiotaenia, Pleurospermopsis, Pleurospermum, Podistera, Polemannia, Polemanniopsis, Polytaenia, Portenschlagiella, Postiella, Pozoa, Prangos, Prionosciadium, Psammogeton, Pseudocannaboides, Pseudocarum, Pseudocymopterus, Pseudopteryxia, Pseudoreoxis, Pseudorlaya, Pseudoselinum, Pseudotaenidia, Pseudotrachydium, Pternopetalum, Pterygopleurum, Pteryxia, Ptilimnium, Ptychotis, Pycnocycla, Rhodosciadium, Rhysopterus, Rhyticarpus, Ridolfia, Rouya, Sajania, Sanicula, Saposhnikovia, Scaligeria, Scandia, Scandix, Schrenkia, Schtschurowskia, Schulzia, Sclerosciadium, Sclerotiaria, Scrithacola, Selinum, Semenovia, Seseli, Seselopsis, Shoshonea, Silaum, Sinocarum, Sinolimprichtia, Sison, Sium, Smyrniopsis, Smyrnium, Sonderina, Soranthus, Spananthe, Spermolepis, Sphaenolobium, Sphaerosciadium, Sphallerocarpus, Sphenosciadium, Stefanoffia, Steganotaenia, Stenocoelium, Stenosemis, Stenotaenia, Stewartiella, Stoibrax, Synelcosciadium, Taenidia, Talassia, Tamamschjanella, Tana, Tauschia, Thamnosciadium, Thapsia, Thaspium, Thorella, Thunbergiella, Tiedemannia, Tilingia, Tinguarra, Todaroa, Tongoloa, Tordyliopsis, Tordylium, Torilis, Trachydium, Trachysciadium, Trachyspermum, Trepocarpus, Trigonosciadium, Trinia, Trochiscanthes, Turgenia, Uraspermum, Vanasushava, Vicatia, Vvedenskia, Washingtonia, Xanthosia, Xatardia, Yabea, Zizia, Zosima.

 

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