Apiaceae

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Testo © Giuseppe Mazza

   

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Conium maculatum © Giuseppe Mazza

Quasi cosmopolita, la famiglia delle Apiaceae, note anche come Umbelliferae, cresce anche ai tropici, ma mostra una netta preferenza per i climi temperati.

Piante erbacee, annuali, biennali o perenni con la caratteristica infiorescenza ad ombrella, declinata talora in fantasiose varianti. Piante alimentari, come la celebre carota, e spezie coltivate fin dall’antichità, senza scordare le virtù medicinali.

Si contano (2015) quasi 2.300 specie ed i seguenti generi:

Aciphylla, Acronema, Actinanthus, Actinolema, Actinotus, Adenosciadium, Aegokeras, Aegopodium, Aethusa, Aframmi, Afroligusticum, Afrosciadium, Afrosison, Agasyllis, Agrocharis, Ainsworthia, Alepidea, Aletes, Alococarpum, Ammi, Ammodaucus, Ammoides, Ammoselinum, Andriana, Anethum, Angelica, Anginon, Angoseseli, Anisopoda, Anisosciadium, Anisotome, Annesorhiza, Anthriscus, Aphanopleura, Apiastrum, Apiopetalum, Apium, Apodicarpum, Arafoe, Arctopus, Arcuatopterus, Arracacia, Artedia, Asciadium, Asteriscium, Astomaea, Astrantia, Astrodaucus, Astydamia, Athamanta, Aulacospermum, Austropeucedanum, Autumnalia, Azilia, Azorella, Berula, Bifora, Bilacunaria, Billburttia, Bolax, Bonannia, Bowlesia, Brachyscias, Bunium, Bupleurum, Cachrys, Calyptrosciadium, Cannaboides, Capnophyllum, Carlesia, Caropsis, Carum, Caucalis, Cenolophium, Centella, Cephalopodum, Chaerophyllopsis, Chaerophyllum, Chaetosciadium, Chamaele, Chamaesciadium, Chamaesium, Chamarea, Changium, Chlaenosciadium, Choritaenia, Chuanminshen, Chymsydia, Cicuta, Cnidiocarpa, Cnidium, Coaxana, Cogswellia, Conioselinum, Conium, Conopodium, Coriandrum, Cortia, Cortiella, Cotopaxia, Coulterophytum, Cryptotaenia, Cuminum, Cyathoselinum, Cyclorhiza, Cyclospermum, Cymbocarpum, Cymopterus, Cynosciadium, Dactylaea, Dahliaphyllum, Dasispermum, Daucosma, Daucus, Demavendia, Dethawia, Deverra, Dichosciadium, Dickinsia, Dicyclophora, Dimorphosciadium, Diplaspis, Diplolophium, Diplotaenia, Diposis, Dipterygia, Discopleura, Distichoselinum, Domeykoa, Donnellsmithia, Dorema, Dracosciadium, Drusa, Ducrosia, Dumaniana, Dystaenia, Echinophora, Ekimia, Elaeoselinum, Elaeosticta, Eleutherospermum, Enantiophylla, Endressia, Eremocharis, Eremodaucus, Ergocarpon, Erigenia, Eriosynaphe, Eryngium, Erythroselinum, Eurytaenia, Exoacantha, Ezosciadium, Falcaria, Fergania, Ferula, Ferulago, Ferulopsis, Foeniculum, Frommia, Froriepia, Fuernrohria, Galagania, Geocaryum, Gingidia, Glaucosciadium, Glehnia, Glia, Glochidotheca, Gongylosciadium, Gongylotaxis, Grafia, Grammosciadium, Guillonea, Gymnophyton, Hacquetia, Halosciastrum, Hansenia, Haplosciadium, Haplosphaera, Harbouria, Harrysmithia, Heptaptera, Heracleum, Hermas, Heteromorpha, Heteroptilis, Hladnikia, Hohenackeria, Homalocarpus, Huanaca, Hyalolaena, Hymenidium, Hymenolyma, Indoschulzia, Itasina, Johrenia, Kadenia, Kafirnigania,

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Astrantia major © Giuseppe Mazza

Kalakia, Kamelinia, Karnataka, Keramocarpus, Klotzschia, Korovinia, Korshinskia, Korshinskya, Krasnovia, Krubera, Kundmannia, Ladyginia, Lagoecia, Laretia, Laser, Laserpitium, Lecokia, Lefebvrea, Leiotulus, Leptotaenia, Lereschia, Leutea, Levisticum, Libanotis, Lichtensteinia, Ligusticopsis, Ligusticum, Lilaeopsis, Limnosciadium, Lipskya, Lisaea, Lithosciadium, Lomatium, Lomatocarpa, Lomatopodium, Mackinlaya, Magydaris, Malabaila, Mandenovia, Margotia, Marlothiella, Mediasia, Meeboldia, Melanosciadium, Melanoselinum, Meum, Micropleura, Molopospermum, Monizia, Mulinum, Museniopsis, Musineon, Mutellina, Myrrhidendron, Myrrhis, Myrrhoides, Nanobubon, Naufraga, Neogoezia, Neonelsonia, Neoparrya, Neopaulia, Niphogeton, Nothosmyrnium, Notiosciadium, Notobubon, Notopterygium, Ochotia, Oedibasis, Oenanthe, Oligocladus, Olymposciadium, Opopanax, Oreocomopsis, Oreomyrrhis, Oreonana, Oreoschimperella, Oreoxis, Orlaya, Ormosolenia, Orogenia, Oschatzia, Osmorhiza, Ostericum, Ottoa, Oxypolis, Pachyctenium, Pachypleurum, Palimbia, Paraselinum, Parasilaus, Pastinaca, Paulia, Pentapeltis, Perideridia, Perissocoeleum, Petroselinum, Peucedanum, Phellolophium, Phellopterus, Phlojodicarpus, Phlyctidocarpa, Physospermopsis, Physospermum, Physotrichia, Pilopleura, Pimpinella, Pinda, Platysace, Pleiotaenia, Pleurospermopsis, Pleurospermum, Podistera, Polemannia, Polemanniopsis, Polytaenia, Portenschlagiella, Postiella, Pozoa, Prangos, Prionosciadium, Psammogeton, Pseudocannaboides, Pseudocarum, Pseudocymopterus, Pseudopteryxia, Pseudoreoxis, Pseudorlaya, Pseudoselinum, Pseudotaenidia, Pseudotrachydium, Pternopetalum, Pterygopleurum, Pteryxia, Ptilimnium, Ptychotis, Pycnocycla, Rhodosciadium, Rhysopterus, Rhyticarpus, Ridolfia, Rouya, Sajania, Sanicula, Saposhnikovia, Scaligeria, Scandia, Scandix, Schrenkia, Schtschurowskia, Schulzia, Sclerosciadium, Sclerotiaria, Scrithacola, Selinum, Semenovia, Seseli, Seselopsis, Shoshonea, Silaum, Sinocarum, Sinolimprichtia, Sison, Sium, Smyrniopsis, Smyrnium, Sonderina, Soranthus, Spananthe, Spermolepis, Sphaenolobium, Sphaerosciadium, Sphallerocarpus, Sphenosciadium, Stefanoffia, Steganotaenia, Stenocoelium, Stenosemis, Stenotaenia, Stewartiella, Stoibrax, Synelcosciadium, Taenidia, Talassia, Tamamschjanella, Tana, Tauschia, Thamnosciadium, Thapsia, Thaspium, Thorella, Thunbergiella, Tiedemannia, Tilingia, Tinguarra, Todaroa, Tongoloa, Tordyliopsis, Tordylium, Torilis, Trachydium, Trachysciadium, Trachyspermum, Trepocarpus, Trigonosciadium, Trinia, Trochiscanthes, Turgenia, Uraspermum, Vanasushava, Vicatia, Vvedenskia, Washingtonia, Xanthosia, Xatardia, Yabea, Zizia, Zosima.

 

→ Per apprezzare la biodiversità all’interno della famiglia delle APIACEAE cliccare qui.

 

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