Family : Orchidaceae
Text © Pietro Puccio
English translation by Mario Beltramini
The species is native to Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Panama where it grows on the trees of the misty forests at low and medium altitudes.
The name comes from the abbreviated one, C. Schweinf., of the American botanist and collector Charles Schweinfurth (1890-1970) who has dedicated his professional life to the study of the orchids; the name of the species is the combination of the Greek adjective “δασύς” (dasys) = hairy, hirsute and of the substantive “ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός” (anér, andrós) = male, with reference to the anther.
The Cischweinfia dasyandra (Rchb.f.) Dressler & N.H.Williams (1970) is an epiphytic species with ellipsoidal pseudobulbs laterally compressed, 2-4,5 cm long and 0,4-0,8 cm broad, subtended by distichous foliate sheaths and provided at the apex of one single linear-lanceolate leaf with acuminate apex, 7-18 cm long and 0,4-1 cm broad.
Racemose basal inflorescence, on a 1-3 cm long peduncle, 4-6 cm long, bearing 2-5 flowers, of 2-2,5 cm of diameter, with pale green to yellowish green sepals and petals and whitish labellum with pink spottings and orange yellow to orange brown throat, odourless; pedicel and warty ovary 1-1,5 cm long. Similar sepals and petals, linear-oblanceolate with acute apex, 1-1,3 cm long and 0,2-0,3 cm broad, ovate labellum with crenulate apex about 1 cm long and broad, and 0,5 cm long column; the single flowers are long-lasting, 15-20 days.
It reproduces by seed, in vitro, and by division, with each section provided of at least 3-4 pseudobulbs.
Floriferous miniature orchid, of easy cultivation and fast growth, requires high luminosity, even filtred sunlight, medium-high temperatures, 18-30 °C, with lowest winter values not under the 15 °C, high humidity, 75-90%, and air in continuous movement. Regular and abundant waterings during the growth of the pseudobulbs, slightly more spaced during the vegetative rest, but without ever allowing the substratum to dry up too much, utilizing rain water, demineralized or by reverse osmosis.
Monthly fertilizations with a fertilizer specific for orchids or a hydrosoluble balanced product, with microelements, at 1/4 the dosage written on the package. It can be cultivated in pots or baskets, rather low and wide in way to allow the pseudobulbs to expand freely, with compost based on bark fragments and sphagnum, or mounted on logs or rafts covered by sphagnum. Thanks to its reduced dimensions, it adapts to be cultivated in a terrarium or in a apartment behind a luminous window; in order to increase the humidity of the air, besides frequent nebulizations, the pot can be put on an ample saucer filled up with expanded clay, or other inert material, with a layer of water not at direct contact with the bottom of the pot, thus to create a humid microenvironment around the plant.
The species is reported in the appendix II of the CITES (species whose trade is internationally ruled).
Synonyms: Trichopilia dasyandra Rchb.f. (1883); Leucohyle dasyandra (Rchb.f.) Schltr. (1920); Cischweinfia glicensteinii Christenson (2003).
The photographic file of Giuseppe Mazza