Family : Orchidaceae
Text © Pietro Puccio
English translation by Mario Beltramini
The species is native to Borneo where it lives in the humid forests between 800 and 2200 m of altitude.
The name of the genus is the combination of the Greek substantives “δένδρον” (dendron) = tree and “χεῖλος” (cheilos) = lip, with reference to its epiphytic nature and to the prominent labellum; the species is honoured to the English botanist and collector Lilian Suzette Gibbs (1870-1925) who spent her professional life leading botanical expeditions in unexplored areas of our planet.
Common names: Gibbs’s dendrochilum (English)
The Dendrochilum gibbsiae Rolfe (1914) is a rather variable epiphytic species with creeping rhizome and close oblong pseudobulbs, 1,5-4 cm long and of 0,5-1 cm of diameter, provided at the apex of a single leaf, on a 1,5-3 cm long petiole, linear-lanceolate with acute or obtuse apex, 10-30 cm long and 1-2 cm broad, of pale green colour, coriaceous. Inflorescences, on an erect peduncle, 8-12 cm long, racemose, arcuate, 10-20 cm long, with numerous tiny flowers of cream colour with a spot on the labellum usually of brownish colour, more or less fragrant.
Lanceolate floral bracts, concave, 2,5-3 mm long, pedicel and ovary 2-3 mm long. Oblong-ovate sepals with apiculate apex, 2-3,5 mm long and 1-1,5 mm broad, oblong-elliptical petals with obtuse or apiculate apex, 2-3,5 mm and about 1 mm broad, trilobed labellum, 2-3 mm long and 3-4 mm broad, with oblong lateral lobes with obtuse apex and median lobe also trilobed, with oblong lateral lobules and cuspidate median lobule; the column is 1-2 mm long.
Miniature orchid, little known in cultivation, requires a slight shade, intermediate temperatures, 22-32 °C, in summer, slightly cooler in winter, with lowest night ones not under the 15 °C, high humidity, 70-85%, and good ventilation. Frequent waterings from spring to autumn, more spaced in winter allowing the substratum to partially dry up before giving water again, utilizing rain water, demineralized or by reverse osmosis. Monthly fertilizations with a balanced hydrosoluble product, with microelements, at 1/4 the dosage shown on the package. It can be mounted on small logs, pieces of bark or rafts of cork covered by sphagnum, or cultivated in pots or baskets with a compost based on medium sliced bark fragments. The repottings are to be done, when necessary, after the blooming at the appearance of the new roots.
The species is reported in the appendix II of the CITES (species whose trade is internationally ruled).
Synonyms: Dendrochilum kinabuluense Rolfe (1914); Dendrochilum quinquelobum Ames (1920).
The photographic file of Giuseppe Mazza