Family : Campanulaceae
Text © Alessandro Bordin
English translation by Mario Beltramini
Common name : Round-headed Rampion
Scientific name : Phyteuma orbiculare L. (1753)
Subspecies : the shape of the leaves, its length as well as that of the petioles and the shape of the bracts has permitted to identify six subspecies.
Phytogeographic type : South European orophyte
Habitat : meadows and pasturelands, mostly on calcareous rocky substratum at an altitude included between 600 and 2.400 metres.
Blossoming : June-August
Brief description : Perennial plant.
Stem: upright, simple, glabrous, tall up to 50 cm.
Inferior leaves : spatulate and petiolate (length up to 5 cm), finely serrate.
Caulinar leaves: lanceolate, petiolate at the beginning, then sessile. Flowers : the stem carries an inflorescence with a globose head. The flowers are alternated by triangular-lanceolate bracts. The violet-blue petals form a tube as united at the tip, where is present an opening for the exit of the style.
Fruit : capsule containing many seeds.
Possibility of confusion with other species : none
Synonyms : Phyteuma fistulosum Rchb.; Phyteuma tenerum Rich.Schulz subsp. anglicum Rich.Schulz; Phyteuma cordifolium Vill.
The photographic file of Giuseppe Mazza