Family : Orchidaceae
Text © Pietro Puccio
English translation by Mario Beltramini
The species is native to Sulawesi whare it grows in the humid mountain forests between 1300 and 1900 m of altitude.
The genus is honoured to the French chemist Pierre Jean Robiquet (1780-1840), known for having identified in the plants several chemical compounds, among which asparagine, caffeine and codeine; the specific name is the combination of the Latin adverb “bis” = twice and of the substantive “crus, uris” = leg, of unclear reference.
The Robiquetia bicruris J.J.Sm. (1928) is an epiphytic species with rather flat and drooping stems, 15-25 cm long, provided of alternate leaves, distichous, oblong with irregularly bilobed apex, 4-7,5 cm long an d 1-1,4 cm broad, coriaceous.
Racemose lateral inflorescences, 10-18 cm long, bearing a multitude of tiny flowers, of about 6 mm of diameter, of yellow colour with labellum slightly suffused of purple.
Elliptic dorsal sepal with obtuse apex, concave, about 2,5 mm long and 1,5 mm broad, falcate lateral sepals, about 2,5 mm long and 1 mm broad, elliptic petals, 2 mm long and 1 mm broad, saccate trilobed labellum provided of a sort of spur at the base, 4,5 mm long and 2,5 mm broad, and 2 mm long column.
It reproduces by seed, in vitro, and by division.
Miniature orchid fairly rare in cultivation, requires a semi-shady exposition, medium-high temperatures, high humidity and constant ventilation.
Regular waterings during the growth period, slightly more spaced during the vegetative stasis, utilizing rain water, demineralized or by reverse osmosis.
Due to the drooping posture it is usually mounted on trunks, pieces of bark or rafts of cork or of roots of arborescent ferns with sphagnum at the base to maintain the humidity. Eventual transplants are to be done at the vegetative restart.
Synonyms: Malleola bicruris (J.J.Sm.) Garay (1972).
The photographic file of Giuseppe Mazza